To know how web hosting works, you need to understand what web hosting means. In plain language, this is safely storing websites and other related data. This means that a web host is a person or service that stores the websites of other people and makes them accessible to people through the internet. A website is composed of computer files (videos, images, HTML and documents, among others) that are to be accessed through the internet.
Data center and web hosting appear like similar names but their meaning differs slightly. Hosting is done on a single computer or server. However, a data center is a collection of several servers that host websites. It could be a room, a large building or even a center where power supply and backup are assured, redundant data communication connection is available, security services are provided and there is environmental control. Environmental control means availability of cooling, heating, fire suppression features, etc. These features safeguard data and ensure that it is available 24/7 throughout the year. Even during upgrade or maintenance, the data is redirected./
There are four main types of web hosting.
1. Shared hosting - a single site is placed alongside others on one server. All domains mainly share the same CPU and RAM, among other resources. This is an entry level option because it can only handle moderate traffic. It is also comparatively affordable.
2. Virtual Private Hosting - one server is split into many private servers. In essence, each website has an own server, though some resources may be shared. It gives you greater control without costing a fortune. Other servers may affect the performance of your own and a spike in traffic may affect bring down the site.
3. Dedicated Server - you have an own server, that is exclusive and allows you to have full control. This is an expensive option and only recommended for companies where greater control is required. The prices are high and you may require excellent technical support. The performance of such
a site is impressive.
4. Cloud Hosting - this is the latest web hosting technology. Multiple computers are brought together to act as servers. It is perfect for high traffic, security, and performance. It comfortably handles traffic spikes. Besides the prohibitive cost, cloud hosts do not offer root access. This makes it a rather rigid package. However, technical support and software updates are impressive.
A domain name means the unique name you give to your website. This is your identity. It is what you give to people when directing them to your site. It could be the name of a product, your name, a place, initials, etc. You will need to register the name in order to use it. There is a registration fee that may be as low as $3.99. The price will depend on TLD. Registration is like owning a portion of the internet like you would own a piece of land or apartment.
Bandwidth is important when you are thinking about web hosting. It allows transfer of data by regulating the volume. You should select bandwidth depending on the volume of traffic you expect. This will help maintain excellent internet access speed and thus give your visitors a good experience.